A number of lean manufacturing tools and practices have long been used to reduce manufacturing waste. These include the five S's, visual controls, standardized work, mistake proofing, total productive maintenance, cellular manufacturing, single-digit setup, pull systems, sequencing, activity-based costing, and leveled production.
supply chain logistics and flow manufacturing
seats? Furthermore, within the supply chain itself actual requirements and projected demand for component parts are typically out of sync. Historically, these problems have been overcome by maintaining additional quantities of raw or finished material as a buffer against requirements that exceed projected amounts. This extra downstream inventory, along with the attendant time lags and postponements in delivery caused by spikes in demand, conspire to add to the overall levels of inventory carried by