A number of lean manufacturing tools and practices have long been used to reduce manufacturing waste. These include the five S's, visual controls, standardized work, mistake proofing, total productive maintenance, cellular manufacturing, single-digit setup, pull systems, sequencing, activity-based costing, and leveled production.
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the pacemaker of a lean system, takt time is essential to the smooth flow of work through production cells, and is a key factor in planning and scheduling work. It is computed as the available production time per day divided by the rate of daily customer demand. For example, if one assumes demand is 10,000 units per month, or 500 units per day, and planned available capacity is 420 minutes per day, the takt time would then equal 420 minutes per day divided by 500 units per day, or 0.84 minutes per