Lean manufacturing emphasizes the minimization of the amount of all the resources (including time) used in the various activities of the enterprise. The typical areas of hidden waste are over-production, waiting, transportation, over-processing, motion, excessive inventory, and defective units.
lean production and lean thinking
commonly referred to as lean manufacturing today is an extension of the proverbial Toyota Production System ( TPS ), which was originated by Taiichi Ohno and first saw use in the 1950s. The conditions that led to its development stemmed from the aftermath of World War II, when Japanese automotive manufacturers faced serious competition from American counterparts. At this time, Japanese manufacturers not only were rebuilding their war torn factories, but also were facing a serious shortage of raw