A number of lean manufacturing tools and practices have long been used to reduce manufacturing waste. These include the five S's, visual controls, standardized work, mistake proofing, total productive maintenance, cellular manufacturing, single-digit setup, pull systems, sequencing, activity-based costing, and leveled production.
jit continuous flow lean
items. Therefore, in a JIT sequence, the statement of demand expresses the exact configuration of the needed item. For example a requirement for a seat would be to deliver tan, leather, left front seat, with heater and electronic motor lumbar support mechanism, by 14:15 for Vehicle Number 12345 . Activity-based Costing Another waste reduction practice is the allocation of overhead costs on a more realistic basis than direct labor or machine hours. The tool that achieves this is an activity-based cost (