A number of lean manufacturing tools and practices have long been used to reduce manufacturing waste. These include the five S's, visual controls, standardized work, mistake proofing, total productive maintenance, cellular manufacturing, single-digit setup, pull systems, sequencing, activity-based costing, and leveled production.
leveled production is by implementing takt time (the term is based on the German word for an orchestra conductor's baton, used to regulate the speed, beat, and timing at which musicians play), which means basing the production rate on an estimate of how many units per hour must be processed at each work canter in order to meet market demand. Takt time sets the pace of production to match the rate of customer demand, and becomes the heartbeat of any lean production system. As the pacemaker of a lean