Lean manufacturing emphasizes the minimization of the amount of all the resources (including time) used in the various activities of the enterprise. The typical areas of hidden waste are over-production, waiting, transportation, over-processing, motion, excessive inventory, and defective units.
continuous lean roa
muda in Japanese) and continuous improvement are consequences of this. What Constitutes Waste? Implementing a lean philosophy usually leads to cost reduction and employee empowerment, and many people tend to translate lean as mean . This is because, though lean does not necessarily set out to be mean in terms of relentless cost cutting, the approach of maximizing customer value and eliminating hidden waste (i.e., any activity that does not add value to the goods or service in the eyes of the consumer)