While lean/flow leverages practices to stay ahead of actual demand, traditional approaches better coordinate secondary, back-office systems like accounting and HR. Moreover, flow should be a company-wide strategy that impacts more than manufacturing.
continuous flow lean jit
specific flow manufacturing training, continuous discipline and process improvement mindsets (e.g., zero defects, zero setup, the use of standardized components, and zero inventory). Until relatively recently, there have not been many off-the-shelf software applications to help manufacturers institute flow processes, other than cumbersome spreadsheets and internally developed packages or practices to handle some flow techniques, such as line design, line balancing, kanban management, and mixed-model